Playing different parts



I wonder whether Orgreave House feels uncertain…. and a little wistful…. about its identity?  After all, if it wasn’t for its gracious neighbour, the Queen Anne mansion of Orgreave Hall, it would be the largest and most imposing dwelling in our hamlet.

And its architectural personality is full of contradictions.

It turns its Sunday face to the south. Bay windows bulge from its two principal reception rooms, scanning a large, sweeping lawn, that is adorned by a majestic cedar tree. The formal entrance drive – protected by a surprisingly substantial cattle grid – curves its way through mature rhododendrons, that welcome visitors with large gaudy blooms in the springtime.

IMG_1502But if you should make the muddy trudge to the rear –  tradesman’s –  entrance, where a gate leads into a generous courtyard bordered with outbuildings, the house squints at you as you pass the utilitarian windows of its north facing service rooms. On this side, the building abuts immediately onto the now blind ended track, that long ago and for many centuries gave access past the site of the Hall to Alrewas and beyond. No longer troubled by the passages of cart, pack horse and pedlar, instead it endures its proximity to what is a rutted shunting area for Hall Farm’s big, busy, blundering, pea-green tractors.

And the north-eastern corner of the house terminates most oddly in a single, foursquare crenellated tower.

The Orgreave House of two hundred and fifty years ago I imagine as a neat and almost symmetrical Georgian building, that still secretly forms the south-western core of the present house. Much later “improvements”, including the tower, the parapets atop the porch and bays, and the asymmetrical extension to the east, suggest inspiration drawn dilutely from the Gothic Revival style.


Annotated map of the Orgreave and Alrewas estate, from circa 1760, the original of which is kept at Stafford record office. Since then, a tennis court (shaded blue) has been laid against the site of a now extinct cottage, its grounds subsumed into Orgreave House’s extended gardens. Indicated in red, a bulky extension has created an East Wing, and the space between the building and the lane has been filled in, partly by the tower.

A map held at Stafford Record Office helps to put this house into context in mid 18th century “Orgrave” – as the cartographer spelled it – probably during a survey conducted in connection with the purchase of the Alrewas and Orgreave Estates by Admiral Lord Anson from the Turton family.

At the end of the 19th century, alterations to the house, and development of the outbuildings to provide copious stabling were undertaken by Mr. Henry Edward Audley Charles, with assistance from Walsall architects H. E. Lavender.  The Lichfield Mercury of 29th November 1901 speaks of veterinarian Mr Charles’ “equine veterinary hospital” at Orgreave House, although he had been at pains to publicise, via his own advertisement in the newspaper that year, that his “shoeing forge” had been transferred from here to Frog Lane, Lichfield.

OS 1881 - Prior to the extension of Orgreave House.

OS 1881 – Prior to the extension of Orgreave House.

OS 1901 - Following the extension of Orgreave House.

OS 1901 – Following the extension of Orgreave House.

Mr. Henry Edward Audley Charles was a scion of the affluent Charles Family of Pelsall Hall, but his family had deep roots in Orgreave: His grandmother, Catherine, who married Thomas Charles at All Saints Church, Kings Bromley on Christmas eve in 1816, had been born in Orgreave.  Her father, Henry Smith, is described – in his will of 1817 – as a Yeoman, in possession of the copyhold and freehold of various local tracts of land.

Catherine and Thomas’s second son, Abraham Charles, took up some of his matrilineal inheritance at Orgreave, where he settled with his wife, Hephzibah.  Their son, Henry Edward Audley Charles was born at Orgreave in January 1871, but, sadly, the beautifully named Hepzibah died only weeks later.

Happier times, perhaps, are captured by the enumerator of the 1901 census as he visited Orgreave House. Now 30, Henry, the successful veterinarian, and his wife Kate, live here with their eight year old daughter Muriel and her three younger brothers, Edmond, John, and Hugh.   A governess and nurse are on hand to take care of the children, whilst a groom and two maids attend to other domestic duties.  Intriguingly, the whole family shortly up-sticks and emigrate to Canada, where Minister of the Interior, Clifford Sifton, was pursuing  a vigorous policy of inviting suitable new citizens to his country.  Farmers were preferred, but opportunities must have been manifold for an expert equestrian vet, in that horse powered age.

Orgreave House is thus available to let.  What sort of tenant would be soothed by the familiar toy-fort tones of its nether reaches, and appreciate the ample accommodation available for their grooms and horses? Who better than senior army officers, from the local Whittington Barracks?


“ORGREAVE HOUSE, Near LICHFIELD: Telegrams – Alrewas. Railway Stations – ALREWAS – 1 1/2 miles. CROXALL – 3 miles. LICHFIELD (T.V.) – 5 miles

Wintertons auctioneers held a sale of some of the effects that are no longer required by Captain Occleston and his wife in the spring of 1909, as they prepared for their posting abroad.  The keys to Orgreave House were duly handed over to Brigadier General George Frederick Gorringe, C.M.G., D.S.O, appointed in April 1909 as Commander of the whole 18th Infantry Brigade at Whittington. What with the Sports Club, the officers’ Golf Club, the Barracks’ own Beagle Pack and the meets of the South Staffs or the Meynell Hunt who drew the coverts within easy reach of Orgreave, the Brigadier General was unable to make it to  the Grand National in 1911.  A piece of ephemera that has fluttered its way to me on the etherial breeze from eBay lets me peep at him making his courteous apologies to “May” from his desk at Orgreave:

Orgreave House, Near Lichfield

 21 March 1911

 My dear May

I am so very sorry but I shall not be able to accompany you to the National – I saw Herbert Hamilton & he is going from Stafford with Sir Bruce….but Thompson is going and Percival from here & possibly others who you know. So I do hope you will come here all the same, or my slump of luck will be indeed be heavy so au revoir on Thursday.

 Yours as ever


The old charmer. Did May manage to rendez-vous with the party at Orgreave that Thursday, I wonder, and travel with Percival to Aintree? Did she arrive unchaperoned, with her huge hats and her furbelowed skirts to what was an almost exclusively masculine menage at Orgreave House?  Just a week or so later, on Sunday April 2nd, 1911, in Gorringe’s distinctive, confident handwriting, he makes a list of his household for that decade’s census, noting that the house boasts a plentiful 20 rooms. The Brigadier General, his brother, Leonard, and the horses, are being cared for by a staff of eight young men – a butler, footman, orderly, kitchen boy, gardener, and three grooms.  The gardener’s new wife, Sarah Powell, Gorringe’s cook, is the only woman in the place.  Contrast this manly crew with the staff controlled by the butler in the employ of William Edward Harrison at nearby Orgreave Hall – it is its mirror opposite. There, Mr.Bird finds himself in charge eight female staff – cook, lady’s maid, and a small flutteration of young maids and children’s nurses – this a much more typical profile, as female domestic staff are both more numerous and considerably cheaper than their male counterparts in 1911.

From the Imperial War Museum.  General Gorringe, 1871-1945

From the Imperial War Museum collection. General George Frederick Gorringe, C.M.G., D.S.O. 1871-1945

George Gorringe was a bachelor in his forties during his appointment at Whittington between 1909 and 1911.  Over 20 years in the regular army had seen him actively – and effectively – involved in a remarkable six military campaigns.  During the Mahdist War in the 1890s in Sudan, he brushed shoulders with both Winston Churchill, and the more famous Lance Corporal Jack Jones.  When Corporal Jones’ mentor, Lord Kitchener, had secured the reconquest of the Sudan at the Battle of Omdurman, and overseen the first steps in rebuilding Khartoum ( a process in which Gorringe was said to be closely involved), Gorringe left Sudan for South Africa with Kitchener, as his temporary Aide-de-camp.  During the Boer War, Gorringe cemented his reputation as an effective soldier, although his heirs have judged him harshly for his role in the execution of justice against civilians who he deemed to have been assisting the Afrikaner enemy.  How strange life must have been for him, marooned here in Staffordshire, in temperate weather, with no apparent threat to his life, an active social life to conduct, and the prospect of semi-retirement in “staff” roles for the rest of his career.

Winston Churchill desperately sought out the conflict in Sudan of the late ’90s as the only live theatre of war in which he could test his mettle as soldier and as writer.  His first publication “The River War: An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan” was the fruit of that.  By the time the Great War was really underway in 1915, no British – or Colonial -man had to look far for the opportunity to fight.  In Canada, Henry Edward Audley Charles joined the Canadian Army Medical Corps. An experienced officer like Gorringe was, of course, a most valuable asset to the army.  With his endurance both of unfavourable  climates and the difficulty of waging war where insect infested water was both too deep for tanks and too shallow for boats, he was given a command in Mesopotamia (present day Iraq).  Himself a 21st century soldier with experience of fighting in Iraq, Paul Knight mentions Gorringe in his book “The British Army in Mesopotamia, 1914-1918.”

…….if ever a determined General was needed to force through a victory on the Euphrates, it was Gorringe.  Russell Brandon, writing in 1969 considered him to be: “…..the ideal man for a relentless slog.  A big man, highly coloured, deeply tanned, officious and utterly without tact.  He reminded those less insensitive than himself of an enormous he-goat, and allowed nothing – not Turks, counter-attacks, casualties, swamps, Marsh Arabs, or deeply entrenched redoubts to stop him.”

He doesn’t sound like a fellow that May would have recognised.

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17 Responses to Playing different parts

  1. Rosalind Cooper says:

    Another splendid bit of research! ..I bet Gorringe sounded like Stephen Fry playing a WW 1 officer!

  2. Pedro says:

    Very interesting article!

    General George Corringe comes to Orgreave House in 1909, probably just after April, when he became what was described as one of the youngest Generals in the country. He had taken command of an Infantry Brigade. In the Sudan it was said that he had one of the hardest tasks to befall an individual commander in the field, (at the age of 33), when he was “single-handedly” called to face the full brunt of the Cape Dutch rebellion. He commanded the roughest and most ill-disciplined troops in the country, and was described as a man of iron will and nerve, with a stern and unrelenting method.

    In 1908 WE Harrison (born 1875) of Orgreave Hall was to become a Major in the newly-formed Territorial Force, despite having no military experience. His father, Captain WB Harrison was living over on the Aldershaw Estate.

    In 1909 it was predicted that General George Corringe would have a great career ahead of him, so perhaps the period at Whittington was seen as a stepping stone. However he goes to War again and in 1915 is created KCB. He is reported as wounded in Mesopotamia in March of 1916.

    No such luck for Lieutenant-Colonel WE Harrison who contracted tonsillitis on a training camp in Wales in 1914, and was thereon restricted to a training and recruitment role. He went on to Plymouth and a role in the new Special Brigade of the RE. He emerged with an OBE.

    I reckon May had a lucky escape.

    • Pedro says:

      In 1916 it is reported that Major-General George F Corringe had held a command in India since 1912.

    • I would love to find evidence of some interaction between Gorringe and Harrison at Orgreave. I imagine that Harrison would have been eaten for breakfast. That’s if Harrison’s formidable wife Edith hadn’t had a big bite first. My investigations lead me to believe that Harrison was a weak sort, thrust, by the circumstances of his birth into positions of authority for which he had no natural aptitude. Sounds a little like me, in some of the roles I have been forced to “play” in the interests of earning a living and keeping my family in the manner to which….et cetera. What would you have had Harrison do? Refuse to step up to the plate, commercially or militarily at all? The system which conferred unearned honour upon him was flawed, but I wonder whether he deserves such eager and consistent ridicule, and why??? Gorringe was extremely virile….but somewhat of a bastard when you look at the details of the putting to death of HJ van Heerden.

      • Pedro says:

        Sorry you regard my investigations as eager and consistent ridicule. Just trying to put an alternative view, (which may or may not approximate to the truth), to the social side of the “Definitive” history of the Cannock Chase Coalfields.

        Some would have you believe that the coal owners participated strongly in the affairs of local justice and military life, gave employment to thousands, provided housing, a way of life and finance to the community.

  3. Pedro says:

    By 1929 George is living at Kingston-by-Sea and in 1933 sued his former secretary for £10 damages and breach of contract…

    …”one doesn’t speak to the General unless one is prepared for the sack.”

    …Judge Austin Jones: “I think that this is an oppressive action. There has been a technical breach of contract although plaintiff had no right to take a man who had been a quartermaster-sergeant and put him on a milk round. I award damages of five shillings to the plaintiff, but no costs.”

  4. I am very interested in your investigations, and your (not unusual) opinions Pedro, and would like you to know that I am extremely grateful for your comments. I did not wish to cause offence. I welcome discussion. The 20th century Coal Industry fascinates me for many reasons. I suppose, I should have said, more temperately, that I believe that everyone deserves respect, and I would genuinely like to ask the question as to how anyone else, born into Harrison’s position, in Harrison’s era, with his particular portfolio of abilities, could have been expected to right the injustices of the age? More importantly, without considering this question without vitriol, how can we ever further understanding of the period?

  5. Zoe Taylor says:

    I was surfing for Aldridge Grammar School, after a chance meeting with someone else who went there, and came upon your blog by accident. It looks wonderful though I haven’t had much chance to look fully.
    I was born at Dean Cot,156 Walsall Road, Aldridge in September 1957. I went to Redhouse and then on to the Grammar School in 1969 – 1976.
    Hoping to have time to read the blog !

    • Lovely, Zoe, I am so glad you found the blog. What was your maiden name? We were near contemporaries. Do I remember you as being involved in Drama productions at Aldridge Grammar?

      • Zoe Taylor says:

        Back then I was Huyton. I think I remember a Zoe Smith being prominent in Drama – she was year above me. I think they put on The Insect Play (??) Strangely I married Alan Smith in my year and so became a Zoe Smith myself. Re-married 3 years ago and am now Taylor. There was another Zoe in my year and another in the year under – very strange for a relatively rare name in those days.

  6. Yes – nest of Zoes in Aldridge! Look forward to hearing what you think about the blog.

  7. Patricia Hanse says:

    Fascinating article. My son and daughter-in-law are now the proud owners of Orgreave House and are interested in the history of the actual building i.e. Date of original construction etc. Do you have any further information?

    • Thank you for reading the article, Patricia. I am glad that you enjoyed it. I am glad – relieved – to hear that Ian and Lucy are interested in the history of their house. I can point them to the Facebook page I maintain on Orgreave history for a little more information about the hamlet and its buildings Other blog posts here also refer.
      I am overdue some further research visits to the record offices and am more than happy to pass on anything I find pertaining to Orgreave House in particular. As to the original date of the house – as implied in the article, the core dates back to at least the 1760s. I would be very interested to hear what the roof timbers look like in this part of the building…

  8. trying to find Hanse Hall in Staffordshire.early 1600s. Nowhere seems to fit. any suggestions?

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